Justice of the Peace Precinct 1

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JP1 Temporary Standing Order Regarding COVID-19

The Supreme Court has issued an emergency order which requires Justice Courts to postpone all trials and court proceedings to protect the safety of the court staff, parties, and the public. (This also applies to all eviction cases.)

CIVIL CASES - New civil filings will be accepted, though will remain at a pending status until such time as the court is permitted to proceed with service of the citations.

CRIMINAL CASES – Clerks are on hand to assist you with resolving your case. Please call or email the court right away if you need assistance.

***Please contact the court or refer back to this webpage for updates on when hearings may resume.***

   Honorable Ronny McBroom 


    Phone: (817) 556-6032

    Fax: (817) 556-6198

    226 Featherston St

    Cleburne, Texas 76033 

    Operating Hours:

    Monday - Thursday
      7AM – 4:30 PM






Welcome To Precinct 1

The justice of the peace is the legal jurisdiction closest to the average citizen.

Section 19 of Article 5 of the Texas Constitution provides that: justice of the peace courts have original jurisdiction in criminal matters of misdemeanor cases punishable by fine only and such other jurisdiction as may be provided by law. Original jurisdiction is the authority to accept a case at its inception, try it and pass judgment based upon the laws and facts. This is distinguished from appellate jurisdiction which is jurisdiction to review a court's action. The justice of the peace performs the functions of a magistrate and conducts inquests.

A justice of the peace may issue warrants for search and arrest, conduct preliminary hearings, administers oaths, perform marriages and serve as a coroner in counties where there is no provision for a medical examiner. The justice court also functions as a small claims court in civil matters in which exclusive jurisdiction is not in district or county court and the amount in controversy does not exceed $10,000. They can also deal with matters concerning foreclosure of mortgages and enforcement of liens on personal property.